Sunday, May 10, 2015

Week 7 – May 12 and 14 Third World Alliances and Social-Political Movements (Part 2)

Questions to be answered for this week:
1) How did communities of color in the U.S. react to the Viet Nam War?

2) What was the global and domestic impact of the Viet Nam War for "Third World Movement" and related social-political movements?

3) What is the legacy of this period and the activists involved?

Bao-An Vuong:
“The Angry Blacks in the Army.” by Terry II Wallace.

This article is focused on black soldiers in the US army fighting Viet Nam war. Wallace believed that the black soldiers thought that they were fighting two different wars at the same time: the war in Viet Nam and the racial war between white superior and them. In the articles, through the survey, over large percents of black enlisted and officers thought that they should not fight in Viet Nam because they already had to deal with discrimination at home, it wasn't any point for them to fight for the white superior. There were some soldiers thought that they would join Black Panthers who were the black activists believed that using violence can solve the discrimination at home after they returned home. However, in the survey, there were only roughly 5-6% black soldiers would do that. There were few incidents between the white soldiers and black soldiers. Wallace reported that : "When white officers at Chu Lai refused to give rides to black Marin they were severely beaten. Later name-calling whites triggered a riot at Ih enlisted men's club; two whites were so badly injured that they were evacuated home. Clubs at Qui Nhon and a dozen other places have be'II wrecked by racial melees." In the black soldiers community combatted in Viet Nam, they were united to make voices within their troops such as creating and joining the Ju Ju's, a 200-member black protective (against white prejudice and intimidation) group, designing and showing the "black soldiers in Viet Nam" flag. The domestic impact of the Viet Nam War for the "Third World Movement" for the black soldiers was that showed that in the army, they had voices, also fought for discriminations to help the black community understand that the black soldiers fought in Viet Nam was for discrimination, not for the order of white superior in the army. The global impact of the Viet Nam War for the movement was that raising awareness that black soldiers and community back home were discriminated and treated unfairly by the white people, they had to fight for equality. The legacy of this period and the activists involved is that that time was the perfect moment to fight the discrimination war back home. At this time, with Viet Nam being the first televised war, the black soldiers could show people that they were actively fighting the discrimination within the army and encourage minority people including black to raise their voice against the discrimination.

Link for the pictures:

“The Black Man’s Take in Viet Nam.”by Eldridge Cleaver.

Cleaver described that the Black Trojan Horse was that black people in the US had awareness about discrimination, they were fighting against it day by day. The black were the ones that had a greatest suffering. The black people were tricked by few nice gestures from the white supremacy to believe that they were treating equally.  Cleaver stated that  black people were a long-time punching bag for white people in the US, every time, the white people finished invaded other countries, they turned back to the black people who might help them accomplish the goals and treated them unfairly. The Vietnam war is the last chance of fighting inequality. Cleaver stated that : "Black men are deadly serious when they say FREEDOM NOW", it showed how desperate the black people need equality. Cleaver also argues that black people in US was fully aware of his inequality situation and they wouldn't back down. They had to put everything in the line to fight for discrimination, because the white supremacy won't back out easily. Cleaver believed that : "If the nations of Asia, Latin America, and Africa are strong and free, the black man in America will be safe and secure and free to live in dignity and self-respect." Their futures were in great danger. The only the black people could ensure their safety future was to have an united organization. Unity was a powerful weapon when came to fighting inequality. Every organization needed a voice that influenced the common black men interest in the US. Black Americans came to realize that they had to organize power to chance policies in the US government, raised their voice to let then white knew where they stand, they would keep fighting for equality until the equality was truly presented. Cleaver believed that US government sent 16% black troops to Viet Nam to kill off the black youth and spreading the hate against the black race. He also considered Black people was the biggest fools to let the white to fight for what they didn't really have back at home : Equality.

Link for the pictures:

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